This video is about copula in English, linking verbs, and when to adjectives and adverbs. Speak with me every day here: Send in your feedback and get my course "All About Articles" for FREE:

This is a short list of English language words that are commonly used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate (or subject complement). This is referred to as "copula". We've also included examples of how these verbs are used copulatively, due to the fact that many of these verbs may also be used non-copulatively. Other copulative verbs exist in addition to the ones listed here.

  • act 
    "John acted strange."

  • appear 
    "John appeared happy, but wasn't really happy."

  • be 
    "John is a hero."

  • become (inchoative)
    "John became rich."

  • call in 
    "John called in sick."

  • come 
    "Her predictions came true."
    "The seat belt came loose."
    "The characters in the book came alive."

  • come out 
    "It came out bland."

  • constitute 
    "Nouns constitute one of the main word classes in the English language."

  • die 
    "She died young."

  • eat 
    "John eats unhealthy."

  • emerge 
    "John emerged shocked after the accident."

  • end up 
    "I ended up sunburnt."
    "The presentation ended up a disaster."

  • equal 
    "Four plus four equals eight."

  • get (inchoative)
    "John got upset."

  • go 
    "The woman went insane."
    "John went bald."
    "The milk went bad."
    "His mistake went unnoticed."

  • grow (inchoative)
    "John grew tired."

  • fall 
    "John fell ill."

  • feel 
    "John felt exhausted."

  • freeze 
    "The pond froze solid."

  • keep 
    "John kept still."

  • lean 
    "This district leans liberal."

  • look 
    "John looks angry."

  • play 
    "The animal played dead."

  • prove 
    "Her words proved difficult to interpret."

  • remain 
    "John remained angry."

  • run 
    "Patriotism runs deep in my family."

  • seem 
    "John seems satisfied."

  • shine 
    "His smile shines bright."

  • smell 
    "John smelled awful"

  • sound 
    "John sounded crazy."

  • stay 
    "John stayed alone."

  • take 
    "John took ill."

  • taste 
    "The bread tastes fresh."

  • turn (inchoative)
    "She turned angry."

  • turn up 
    "John turned up missing."

  • wax 
    "We waxed nostalgic."

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